Charnley, John

Charnley, John
SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
b. 29 August 1911 Bury, Lancashire, England
d. 5 August 1982 Lancashire, England
English orthopedic surgeon, pioneer of ultra-clean-air operating-theatre environments and of total hip-joint replacement.
During his medical training at Manchester he qualified for the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons and obtained his FRCS in 1936, within a year of becoming medically qualified. Following military service as an orthopaedic specialist, he was appointed a consultant at the Manchester Royal Infirmary in 1947.
Charnley investigated the problems of joint lubrication using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and a series of 300 initially successful cases laid the foundation for further developments, involving total hip-joint replacement, when in 1962 high-density polythene became available as a suitable inert material. The need for a totally sterile operating environment in which to carry out such procedures led him to develop ultra-clean-air operating-theatre modules which proved to have wide application in relation to other surgical disciplines and to the problems of hospital building. To further these principles he resigned from the Royal Infirmary and was the guiding spirit in the establishment of the centre for hip surgery at Wrightington Hospital in Lancashire, which gained wide international recognition.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1977. FRS 1964. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. British Medical Association Gold Medal 1978.
1961, "Arthroplasty of the hip", Lancet.
1974, Wound Infection after Hip Replacement Performed in a Clean-Air Operating Room, Wrightington.
1970, Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery, Baltimore.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Charnley — Nacimiento 29 de agosto de 1911 Bury, Lancashire, Inglaterra Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charnley — is a surname and may refer to: Bill Charnley, English footballer Bryan Charnley (1949–1991), English artist Chic Charnley (born 1963), Scottish footballer Dave Charnley (born 1935), English lightweight boxer John Charnley (1911–1982), English… …   Wikipedia

  • John Blakiston — (c. 1603–1649), was a member of the English parliament, one of the regicides of King Charles I of England, a prominent mercer and coal merchant, puritan and anti Episcopalian [Joseph Gough, Descendant of a Regicide , Trafford Publishing, p. 231] …   Wikipedia

  • John Charnley — Sir John Charnley (* 29. August 1911 in Bury, Lancashire; † 5. August 1982) war ein britischer Chirurg und Orthopäde. Er gilt als Pionier der Hüft Endoprothese. Charnley war der Sohn eines Chemikers und einer Krankenschwester. Er studierte ab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Charnley — Sir John Charnley (born August 29, 1911 ndash;August 5, 1982) was a British orthopaedic surgeon. He pioneered the hip replacement operation,cite journal author = Wroblewski, B.M. year = 2002 title = Professor Sir John Charnley (1911–1982) journal …   Wikipedia

  • Charnley hip arthroplasty prosthesis — Charn·ley hip arthroplasty, prosthesis (charhnґle) [Sir John Charnley, British orthopedic surgeon, 1911–1988] see under arthroplasty and prosthesis …   Medical dictionary

  • Charnley — Sir John, English orthopedic surgeon, 1911–1982. See C. hip arthroplasty …   Medical dictionary

  • James Charnley House — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Chic Charnley — James Charnley redirects here. For the national landmark in Chicago, see James Charnley House. Chic Charnley Personal information Full name James Callaghan Charnley …   Wikipedia

  • The Mysterious Mr. Quin —   …   Wikipedia

  • Prothese de la hanche — Prothèse de hanche Radiographie d une prothèse de hanche Une prothèse de hanche est un dispositif articulaire interne qui vise à remplacer l articulation de la hanche et lui permettre un fonctionnement quasi normal, en tout cas permettant la… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”